Configuring Hardware RAID Arrays on Fujitsu Primergy

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 AN!Wiki :: How To :: Configuring Hardware RAID Arrays on Fujitsu Primergy

This mini-tutorial is meant to walk you through the process of configuring hardware RAID arrays on Fujitsu Primergy servers using LSI-based controllers.

This is not designed to be an extensive tutorial.

It is meant to be a "quick-start" guide to help you get under way with building an Anvil!. It is part of the "Anvil! m2 Tutorial".

This covers two LSI types;

  • MegaRAID Configuration Utility
  • WebBIOS

The former is used on the Mx generations and the later from the Sx generation servers.

Contents

MegaRAID Configuration Utility

Building a RAID Array

Booting in the MegaRAID Configuration Utility

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i boot prompt

After the main system BIOS is done booting, you will see the hardware RAID controller BIOS start up.

It can take a minute, and this is normal.

Once started, the controller will scan for attached drives and then present an option to press 'ctrl + R' to enter the "MegaRAID Configuration Utility". Do so.

Building an Array

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Main Page.

Here we see a controller with 24 1.63 TiB (1.8 TB) disks.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Select No Configuration Present !.

Press the (up) arrow to highlight No Configuration Present !.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - "Operations" sub menu.

Press <F2> to open the "Operations" sub menu.

The "Create Virtual Drive" option is already selected. Press <enter> to start building the array.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Array menu.
Template note icon.png
Note: Please note, we are going to create a RAID level 6 array with two hot-spare drives. You may well be creating a different configuration. Please adapt as necessary.

The "Create New VD" menu starts with the "RAID Level" set to "0", which is very much not what we want.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Select RAID level 6.

Press "<enter>" to open the RAID level selection list, press '' (down) to highlight "RAID-6" and then press '<enter>'.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Select Drives.

Press the '<tab>' key to switch over to the "Drives" table. Press '' to select (and unselect) each drive, and the '' (up) and '' (down) keys to navigate the available disks.

Template note icon.png
Note: If, like us, you are going to have hot-spare drives, do not select them here!
Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Drives Selected.

Once the drives you want to use in the array, minus hot-spares, press '<tab>' (and '<shift> + <tab>' to back up) multiple times until 'Advanced' is selected. Feel free to use a 'Name' if you like. Press '<enter>' to proceed.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Advanced Array Menu.

Use '<tab>' to navigate to "[ ] Initialize" and press '<space>' to enable.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Initialize Warning.
Template warning icon.png
Warning: If you are rebuilding a previous (unencrypted) array, then DO NOT initialize your array! This process destroys any and all existing data on the array.

We're building a new array, so in our case (and most often), initialization is desired. Press '<tab>' to select the "OK" button and press '<enter>'.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Array Menu - OK button.

Back on the main array menu, '<tab>' to 'OK' and press '<enter>'.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Initialization Complete.

Shortly after returning to the main menu, a window will pop up telling you that the initialization has completed. Press '<enter>' to close the window.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Array Built.

The array is now built!

Do note that the 'Operation: Back Init. Progress' will slowly run. You will also note that the drives will have their activity LEDs blink for some time. This is because, after the initial initialization is complete, a full background initialization is performed. Until this is complete, disk performance will be degraded. Roughly 30% of the disk performance is allocated for this background initialization.

Configure Hot Spares

A "hot spare" is a drive physically in a node that is configured to automatically replace a drive that is in an array that fails. In this way, the array returns to a fully operational state with minimal time in a degraded state.

Hot spares can either be allocated to a specific array (when you have two or more), or it can be a "global" hot spare (GHS). A global hot spare can then be allocated to any array on the node.

In our case, we have only one array, so functionally there is no difference. We will use 'global hot spare' here.

We could have allocated a hot-spare during the assembly of the array above, but in my case, I want two hot spares.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Configure Hot Spares.
Template note icon.png
Note: Press '<ctrl> + n' to switch to the next page, and '<ctrl> + p' to navigate back to the previous page.

Press '<ctrl> + n' to change to the "PD Mgmt" page. Here, we see a list of drives, with the top two listed as "UG" (Unconfigured, Good).

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Drive Operations.

Highlight one of the "UG" disks to open the "Operations" menu. Navigate down to "Make Global HS" and press '<enter>'.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Hot Spares Configured.

Repeat this for the second "UG" drive. Both will then be marked as "Hotspare".

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Main Menu with GHS.

Now there are no more unconfigured drives.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - Exit prompt.

Press '<esc>' to exit, navigate to 'OK' and press '<enter>' to exit.

Fujitsu M1 - BIOS - EP420i - MegaRAID Configuration Utility - "Control+Alt+Del" prompt.

Press '<ctrl> + <alt> + <del>' to reboot the node now.

On the next boot, your new array will be ready for data!

WebBIOS

Building a RAID Array

I know, I have no idea why it's called a "web" BIOS either.

Encryption

If you plan to use encryption, please review this tutorial first:

Booting into the WebBIOS

Fujitsu S8 - BIOS - LSI boot prompt

After the main system BIOS is done booting, you will see the hardware RAID controller BIOS start up.

It can take a minute, and this is normal.

Once started, the controller will scan for attached drives and then present an option to press '<ctrl> + <h>' to enter the "WebBIOS". Do so.

Selecting a Controller

LSI WebBIOS controller selection

The first screen you will see is one that asks you to choose which adapter you want to configure.

Most machines have only one adapter installed, so there is nothing to choose, really.

Press 'Start'.

Building an Array

LSI WebBIOS main page

Here we see a controller with eight 136.2 GiB (146 GB) hard drives. Your array will almost certainly be different, but the general look will be the same.

To build the array, click on "Configuration Wizard" on the left panel.

New Configuration

LSI WebBIOS configuration wizard

This is a new array and there is no existing configuration, so both "New Configuration" and "Add Configuration" will do the same thing.

The difference is that, if there was an existing array, "New Configuration" would delete it where "Add Configuration" would let you build a second (or third or ...) array.

In our case, we'll choose "New Configuration" and then click on 'Next'.

LSI WebBIOS new configuration warning

You are warned that this will erase any existing arrays. In our case that is OK, so we'll click 'Yes'

Manual Configuration

LSI WebBIOS manual or automatic array assembly prompt

To make life easier, the controller gives you the option of performing an "Automatic Configuration", but we're control freaks.

So we're going to select "Manual Configuration" and the click on 'Next'.

Drive Group

LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu

We need to first create a "Drive group", which is the set of drives we want to assemble into an array.

We're going to use all disks to create a single RAID level 5 array.

Template note icon.png
Note: We normally would not use RAID level 5 alone, but because the Anvil! mirrors the data across both nodes, we end up with, effectively, RAID level 51.
LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu - Drives selected

To create a drive group, click on the first drive in the list ("Slot: 0, SAS, HDD, 136.218 GB" in the screen shot above), wait a moment and it will be highlighted in blue.

Then press and hold the '<ctrl>' key and then click on the rest of the drives.

LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu - Accept drive group

Once all drives are highlighted, click the 'Add to Array' button.

Now all the drives will be shown in the right-side "Drive Groups" window.

LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu - Accept drive group

Click on 'Accept DG' to create the drive group.

The page will reload but now the "Accept DG" button is gone, which is good.

Click 'Next' to proceed.

Create SPAN

LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu - Span definition

The next page allows us to create "SPAN" (combining two RAID arrays into one combined array, like a mirror of RAID 5 arrays to create a '15' array). We don't need a combined array, so we will create a "SPAN" of just the one array.

LSI WebBIOS Drive group menu - Add to SPAN

Click on the "Add to SPAN" and then click 'Next'.

Create the Array

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition

Now we configure the array itself!

By default, the controller suggests RAID level 6. If this was a single-server setup, that would be perfectly sensible.

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Set RAID level 5

We're mirroring our data across two nodes though, so we can live a little more dangerously and select RAID level 5.

Click on the "RAID Level" select box and change the value to 'RAID 5'

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Enable Write-Back Caching with good BBU

We have a Flash Backup module on our controller that allows us to safely use write-back caching.

The provides a significant performance boost, but it is only safe to use when the flash unit is working. In the past, these was a battery and was called a "Battery Backup Unit" (BBU).

So we can safely click on the "Write Policy" selection box and change the value to "Write Back with BBU".

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Update size

Next, click on the "Update Size" button and the controller will automatically fill out the "Select Size" text field.

Now, click "Accept" to create the array!

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - BBU warning

The controller, being ever diligent and terrifying, will warn you about the risks of using write-back caching only when the BBU is healthy.

It notes, rightly, that the performance will degrade should the BBU (well, "FBU" in our case) ever fail. As much as we'd not want to lose performance, this is the only safe option.

Click on 'Yes' to continue.

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Finished!

After the warning, it takes us back to the "Virtual Drive Definition" window, but now we see our new array in the right-side "Virtual Drives" window.

Click on 'Next' to finish.

Finishing up

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Preview the finished array

We are taken back to the "Virtual Drives" window and our new array is shown.

Click on "Accept".

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Save configuration

Never one to miss an opportunity to ask a question; We're asked if we want to save the configuration.

Press 'Yes'.

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Initialize the array

Oh look, another question!

Press 'Yes'.

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Set boot drive

Now we define the array to boot off of.

We only have one array, so this step is arguably not needed. However, should new drives be added in the future and a second array created, this will prevent problems.

Click to select the "Set Boot Drive (current=NONE)" radio button and then click on 'Go'.

Template note icon.png
Note: If you get an error saying "Must wait for current operation to complete", then don't worry about setting the boot device. You can come into the WebBIOS and set it later.
LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Boot drive '0'

Now that the boot drive is set to '0', we're done!

Click on 'Home' to return to the main menu.

LSI WebBIOS Virtual Drive definition - Main page with the new array

Now we see our shiny new array!

Click on 'Exit', then click 'Yes' and then reboot your machine.

 

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